In the Netherlands an increase of about one million new residential units is expected for the coming 25 years- most of which will be built in the part that is called “Randstad”- the already strongly urbanised region fom Amsterdam, Utrecht, den Haag and Rotterdam. This estimation roughly indicates an increase of 450 miilion sqft of programme. The larger part of this addition will find a place within the existing cities boundaries. This is much more than an urban design task. The process will take place in an complex process which calls for strong municipal and governmental leadership. Yet this does not mean there is no space for bottom up initiatives.
Stronger even: without involving residents of surrounding neighborhoods it will be hard to achieve intensification, due to procedures on civilian rights. Finding a balance between bottom up and top down therefore is an important precondition for successful intensification.